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Types and Components of a Marina 2

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LCC Architecture: Types and Components of a Marina 2

Marina Design and Architecture

Marina Design and Architecture


COMPONENTS (continued)

Locks: often have more than 1 compartment; should maintain constant water level on 1 side, other side varying with tide; capacity decided by peak use; waiting pontoons either side lock recommended.

Pontoon design: often used to carry services and to support lighting units, lockers, refuse collection points, fire fighting devices; service bollards often provided: boats/bollard 2-6; sewage collection points for boats recommended either as holding tanks or as outlets connected with vacuum sewage system leading to onshore network. Min w main access pontoons 2000 with fingers^ 500 wide; if total pier I over 100, 2500 w more appropriate; min w floating pontoon 2500.

Pontoon types: fixed: for non-tidal marinas; fixed deck (timber, aluminium, plastics decking) resting on structural supports (piles most common); service ducts usually under deck;

floating: for tidal marinas or where structural difficulties occur and sup­ports on bed not feasible (eg deep water, geological conditions); deck fixed to floating units and so kept at required level above water; floats of steel, plastics, timber, concrete, polystyrene, filled with lightweight material (eg polystyrene) or left hollow; pontoons held in position by dolphins; in exceptional cases may be anchored to bed; connexion to land by hinged bridge, ramps, lifts, hoists, collapsible steps.

Simple Design of Marinas

Simple Design of Marinas

Breakwaters: rubble mound: mainly for sites with relatively small tidal variations; alternative concrete blocks moulded to shape: not appro­priate for more extensive structures; with relatively shallow slope (1:2 to 1:3) rubble mound occupies large water area otherwise available for craft or other essential uses;

Vertical face: concrete walls (constructed in open sea conditions as mass concrete or buttress structures): efficient when built, difficult to construct and maintain;

Caisson type: precast concrete cylinders (either hollow or filled with sand) resting on seabed; circular shaped cusps between units, positive contribution to wave energy absorption;

Floating: usually considered for sites with great depth of water and relatively mild conditions; sometimes act as secondary protection or primary barrier, reducing sea impact before waves reach main sea defence.

Fuelling points: considered desirable but not required by authorities (UK); floating tanks not usually accepted. NB fire risk prevention at points of flexible connexions between tanks and floating pumps.

Pollution control: in non-tidal marinas water circulation certainly required but hard to achieve. Sanitary accn for yachtsmen essential (travelling distance =£ 100 m); provide refuse disposal units close to craft as possible; pollution culverts may also be needed.

Onshore elements:

Car parking: ratio cars: boats 1:1-1:2; not too far from craft for yachts­men and their eqp;

Sanitary accn; recommended min either 1 wcandl sho each sex per 20 berths or 1 wc, 1 urinal, 1 hb, 1 sho per 25 men, 1 wc, 1 hb, 1 sho per 25 women (max occupancy of harbour estimated 60%; suggested ratio mentowomen2:1);

Yacht clubs: floor ar/P 1.0-5.0 m2: club rm, lav, drying rm, bars, restaurants, meeting rm, indoor sports, off, information centre, sleeping accn, caretaker’s flat:

hard standing, boat sto, repair shop and other elements related to boat maintenance and handling; should have suitable device for boat lifting and launching and easy connexion to roads; free areas for manoeuvring; fuel tanks often sited close to boatyards; ancillaries may include customs, coastguards, lock keepers, insurance brokers, car hire, travel agent off.


Author: Archian

An Architect, Blogger and Strategic Thinker

One thought on “Types and Components of a Marina 2

  1. Pingback: Types and Components of a Marina 1 « Archian Speaks

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