Bakod Bubong Balat: Global Green Filipino Architecture Metrobank Architecture 2012 Design Entry
Brief: Arch Ian Jay Bantilan joined a National Competition on summer of 2012 and sought help from 5 Students of La Consolacion College – Bacolod City for his Entry “Bakod Bubong Balat”. The entry became a Finalist and later on unanimously chosen by the judges as the winner of the Competition. Unfortunately, the same Entry was disqualified a month after the Award was given because of the Competition Committee’s strict adherence to the rules – in conflict with the judges’ consensus.
Arch Ian Bantilan decided that the knowledge that he and his students learned can be shared to many more aspiring architects. This workshop is in collaboration with the UAP Bacolod Chapter. The Bakod Bubong Balat Workshop Bacolod City, Philippines – The La Consolacion College – Auditorium was slowly filling with enthusiastic crowds waiting for a couple of hours of learning and knowledge. The Workshop Starts with a mini contest using the same Competition guidelines but scaled down to 1.5 hours of Esquisse. Workshop Proper The Workshop starts with acknowledging the guests: LCC Faculty: Arch Alisbo, Arch Abellera, Arch Verde, Arch Samodal, Arch Aguillon and members of UAP Bacolod Chapter – the President Arch Francis de los Reyes and Arch Mascuñana. Concept
The Elements of Architecture have remained the same for centuries: Walls, Floors, Roofs, Openings, Fences.
The Bakod, or fence is a key to understanding human relationships. The Bakod is a transition between the Road and Lot Exterior and the Building Exterior. It sets the mood of warm reception and kind hospitality typical in Asian culture.
Asian tradition and ceremony builds upon the intermediate experience of entering the “bakod”. In this, we experience the continuity of space that is better explained through close ties in family and relationships. It can be seen when we receive to entertain arriving guests, and usher them out to the Bakod, making sure they are okay when they leave. For closer friends and family, the conversations will persist when they leave and extend to the space outside the gate, and finally overflow onto the streets. These practices are done to maintain social linkages.
Territoriality is also expressed in the Bakod. It endures in present practices such as “asking the spirits” when we cut a tree or for us guys, when we “discharge our duties” because of respect for the spirits. Nevertheless, respect for nature was an intrinsic Filipino belief.
Unfortunately, urbanism introduces conflict into extended relationships through constantly decreasing living spaces and high population densities. The pressure builds up on individuals and families on how to maintain extended relationships in modern apartments bound by walls, without fences, and a dying “community spirit” where personal needs are elevated to the detriment of Nature and Community.
The Bubong, or roof is the uppermost enclosure of a structure. It’s main function is to protect from rain and heat from the sun. It is the building’s crown and identifies the structure with its appropriate honor, eminence and nobility.
The epitome of Tropical Design is the Bahay Kubo. It embodies the principles of solar design and ventilation. However, the Bahay Kubo’s traditional materials including Nipa for roofing, has inherent weaknesses – fire hazard and durability. Current designs incorporate insulated metal roof as it addresses these issues.
The B3 Design explores creative solutions to solar heat gain and ventilation through the use of local and sustainable materials. It incorporates layers of roof, each with specific function and characteristics specifically, Sun shading, Air circulation, Natural lighting and Rain protection. This results in passive cooling, reduced energy consumption, and beauty.
The roof includes a Brise Soleil, a Glass Trellis utilizing vines and landscape as an insulating material and Metal roof with sugarcane pulp boards. The Roof layers function as breathing skins.
The Skin is the outer covering of all living organisms. Skins function in different ways through protection, heat regulation and water resistance. Skins can vary between animals depending on function. Examples of skin include fur, feathers and shells, which respond to specific environments.
The Balat or skin is a design solution to existing realities similar to living organisms. Numerous configurations can be created using different building skins with countless design possibilities.”
MADE 2012 Design.
Site Development Plan
Exterior Walk Through
Green Wall and Modular Bamboo Panels
Light Detail, Column Detail, Finial Detail
Interior Walk Through
MADE 2012 Features.
Rainwater Re-use Diagram
Liquid and Solid Waste Segregation Toilets
Wind Energy Collection
Solar Energy Collection
Solar Air-conditioning (Optional)
Building Repair on Site
Biomass Powered Kitchen & Hog Raising (Optional)
Conclusion: Filipino Identity
The material palette of the Filipino Architectural Style is earth colors, and so is our skin. This reflects the distinctness, individuality and range of available materials in our land. It also reflects the unique flora, environment and climate in this region. Examples of local materials are rattan, bagasse, coconut fibers, abaca, piña, coffee beans and bamboo, with a provision to replenish broken skin from the bamboo grove in the site.
Certainly, the essence of Filipino is not with the literality of re-creating another Bahay Kubo or Bahay na Bato or even its physical properties, because expectations for modern design has changed with technologies and culture. In fact, Filipinos, nowadays, are coming in “different colors”. Yet we can glean the timeless design principles they embody.
At the core of Filipino Architecture is the simple use of local fabrics, weaves, materials and textures. This is the essence of Filipino. Our history reflects a tapestry of Negrito, Malay, Chinese, Arab, Spanish, American and Japanese culture. It is through our local materials that we retain our identity. It is our distinct core that distinguishes us as Filipinos: the Beauty of our Land, the Tradition of our People and the Richness of our Past.
If interested please contact me for an Architecture Presentation.
Acknowledgement. Thank you to the following persons who have contributed to the Development of the Entry.
Parents: Atty. Jerry & Lourdes Bantilan Brother Jerry and Sister Jenny
Mark Delfin Andrew Danoy Laura Chua Justine Garinganao Shanon Batiduan
Dindo Ilagan, Ryan Gidor, Glenda Demogena Auke Idzenga, AIDFI (NGO) Alternative Indigenous Development Foundation Inc. (AIDFI) Franz Koerkampf, BBI (NGO) Buglas Bamboo Institute Maria Carmela Santos, USLS Waste Management Dept. Sonny Dumdum, Waste Management Dept. Arch. Francis de los Reyes & UAP Bacolod Chapter Toastmasters Int’l – Bacolod -Barangay Chapter Arch Ray Granada Dean Arch. Butch Alisbo & LCC Bacolod Arch. Paolo Ledesma, RIBA Countless Suppliers, Friends and Relatives